Thin films of arsenic sulfide by chemical deposition and formation of InAs

Peña Méndez, Yolanda y Nair Maileppallil, Santhamma y Nair Padmanabhan, Karunakaran (2006) Thin films of arsenic sulfide by chemical deposition and formation of InAs. Semiconductor Science and Technology., 21 (4). pp. 450-461. ISSN 1361-6641

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We report a method for obtaining thin films of arsenic sulfide by chemical bath deposition and the subsequent formation of InAs by heating the films with a vacuum-deposited coating of In. X-ray diffraction (XRD) studies have shown that the thin film deposited from chemical baths of pH ∼2, prepared by mixing aqueous acidic solutions of As(III) with sodium thiosulfate, is a composite film of crystalline As2O3 and As2S3, with the incorporation of sulfur. When heated at 150–250 ◦C, the As2O3 component transforms to As2S3, but still with very few identifiable peaks in the XRD patterns of the annealed samples. The films have a direct band gap of ≈2.7 eV (as-prepared) and ≈2.52 eV (heated at 250 ◦C), with forbidden optical transitions. The sheet resistance of the film (300 nm thick) is 1012 Ω, and the electrical conductivity is 10−8 Ω−1 cm−1. After being heated in a sulfur-rich atmosphere at >200 ◦C, the films show photosensitivity. The As2O3/As2S3 thin film with an evaporated indium film, when heated at 250 ◦C in nitrogen or air, produces InAs as a major crystalline component. In this case, In2S3 or In2O3 may be present as a minor component in the films, depending on whether heating is done in nitrogen or air, respectively. The optical band gap of this InAs component is direct, 0.5 to 0.8 eV, depending on the film thickness and heating process. These composite films are photosensitive; a dark conductivity of 0.05 Ω−1 cm−1 in the films formed in nitrogen is ascribed to InAs and 5 Ω−1 cm−1 in the films formed by heating in air is ascribed to the In2O3 component. The photoconductivity of the films is of the same order of magnitude as the dark conductivity in each case.

Tipo de elemento: Article
Materias: CONACYT > Biología y Química
Divisiones: Ciencias Químicas
Usuario depositante: Doctora Yolanda Peña
Fecha del depósito: 06 Mar 2019 22:35
Última modificación: 21 Jun 2019 09:58

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