Experience with Evans syndrome in an academic referral center

Jaime Pérez, José Carlos y Guerra Leal, Liliana Nataly y López Razo, Olga Nidia y Méndez Ramírez, Nereida y Gómez Almaguer, David (2015) Experience with Evans syndrome in an academic referral center. Revista Brasileira de Hematologia e Hemoterapia, 37 (4). pp. 230-235. ISSN 15168484

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Resumen

Objective: To document the experience of one referral service with patients diagnosed with Evans syndrome, the treatment and response and to briefly review current treatment strategies and results. Methods: Patients enrolled in this study fulfilled criteria for Evans syndrome. Data were retrieved from the clinical files and electronic databases of the Department of Hematology, Hospital Universitario “Dr. José Eleuterio González”. Treatment modalities and response and the use of additional therapies were evaluated. The literature was reviewed in the context of the clinical course of the studied patients. Results: Six patients were diagnosed with Evans syndrome in the study period. Patient 1 was treated with steroids, relapsed twice and was again treated with steroids. Patient 2 treated initially with steroids plus intravenous immunoglobulin was subsequently lost to follow-up. A good response was achieved in Patients 3 and 4, who were treated with steroids plus rituximab; patient 4 also received danazol as a second-line therapy. However both relapsed and subsequently underwent splenectomy at ten and nine months, respectively. One patient, number 5, treated with steroids, danazol and rituximab did not relapse within four years of follow-up and Patient 6, who received steroids plus danazol did not relapse within three years of follow-up. Conclusion: Evans syndrome is an uncommon hematologic condition rarely diagnosed and not widely studied. Clinicians must have itin mind when evaluating a patient with a positive direct antiglobulin test, anemia and thrombocytopenia, since prognosis depends on its early recognition and opportune therapy, but even this leads to variable results.

Tipo de elemento: Article
Palabras claves no controlados: Autoimmune hemolytic anemia, Thrombocytopenia, Neutropenia, Evans syndrome, Rituximab
Usuario depositante: Lic. Jesús E. Alvarado
Creadores:
CreadorEmailORCID
Jaime Pérez, José CarlosNO ESPECIFICADONO ESPECIFICADO
Guerra Leal, Liliana NatalyNO ESPECIFICADONO ESPECIFICADO
López Razo, Olga NidiaNO ESPECIFICADONO ESPECIFICADO
Méndez Ramírez, NereidaNO ESPECIFICADONO ESPECIFICADO
Gómez Almaguer, DavidNO ESPECIFICADONO ESPECIFICADO
Fecha del depósito: 10 Mayo 2019 17:37
Última modificación: 10 Mayo 2019 17:37
URI: http://eprints.uanl.mx/id/eprint/14983

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