Maternal eating and physical activity strategies and their relation with children's nutritional status

Flores Peña, Yolanda y Ortiz Félix, Rosario Edith y Cárdenas Villarreal, Velia Margarita y Avila Alpirez, Hermelinda y Alba Alba, Corina Mariela y Hernández Carranco, Roandy Gaspar (2014) Maternal eating and physical activity strategies and their relation with children's nutritional status. Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem, 22 (2). pp. 286-292. ISSN 0104-1169

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Resumen

Objectives: to describe the maternal eating and physical activity strategies (monitoring, discipline, control, limits and reinforcement) [MEES]; to determine the relation between MEES and the child’s nutritional status [body mass index (BMI) and body fat percentage (BFP)]; to verify whether the MEES differ according to the child’s nutritional status. Method: participants were 558 mothers and children (3 to 11 years of age) who studied at public schools. The Parental Strategies for Eating and Activity Scale (PEAS) was applied and the child’s weight, height and BFP were measured. For analysis purposes, descriptive statistics were obtained, using multiple linear regression and the Kruskal-Wallis test. Results: the highest mean score was found for reinforcement (62.72) and the lowest for control (50.07). Discipline, control and limits explained 12% of the BMI, while discipline and control explained 6% of the BFP. Greater control is found for obese children (χ2=38.36, p=0.001) and greater reinforcement for underweight children (χ2=7.19, p<0.05). Conclusions: the mothers exert greater control (pressure to eat) over obese children and greater recognition (congratulating due to healthy eating) in underweight children. Modifications in parental strategies are recommended with a view to strengthening healthy eating and physical activity habits.

Tipo de elemento: Article
Palabras claves no controlados: Mothers, Parent-Child Relations, Child Rearing, Obesity, Body Composition, Strategies.
Materias: R Medicina > RJ Pediatría
R Medicina > RT Enfermería
Divisiones: Enfermería
Usuario depositante: Lic. Jesús E. Alvarado
Creadores:
CreadorEmailORCID
Flores Peña, YolandaNO ESPECIFICADONO ESPECIFICADO
Ortiz Félix, Rosario EdithNO ESPECIFICADONO ESPECIFICADO
Cárdenas Villarreal, Velia MargaritaNO ESPECIFICADONO ESPECIFICADO
Avila Alpirez, HermelindaNO ESPECIFICADONO ESPECIFICADO
Alba Alba, Corina MarielaNO ESPECIFICADONO ESPECIFICADO
Hernández Carranco, Roandy GasparNO ESPECIFICADONO ESPECIFICADO
Fecha del depósito: 28 Mar 2019 22:23
Última modificación: 28 Mar 2019 22:23
URI: http://eprints.uanl.mx/id/eprint/15171

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