Extracellular matrix and fibroblast injection produces pterygium-like lesion in rabbits

Zavala, Judith y Hernández Camarena, Julio C. y Salvador Gálvez, Brenda y Pérez Saucedo, José E. y Vela Martínez, Amin y Valdez García, Jorge E. (2018) Extracellular matrix and fibroblast injection produces pterygium-like lesion in rabbits. Biological Research, 51 (1). pp. 1-17. ISSN 0717-6287

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Abstract Background: Translational research to develop pharmaceutical and surgical treatments for pterygium requires a reli‑ able and easy to produce animal model. Extracellular matrix and fibroblast are important components of pterygium. The aim of this study was to analyze the effect of the subconjunctival injection of fibroblast cells (NIH3T3 cell line) and exogenous extracellular matrix in rabbits in producing a pterygium‑like lesion. Methods: Six 3‑month‑old white New Zealand rabbits were injected with 20,000 NIH3T3 cells and 5 µL of Matrigel in the right conjunctiva, and with only 5 µL of Matrigel in the left conjunctiva. The eyes were photographed under a magnification of 16× using a 12‑megapixel digital camera attached to the microscope on day 1, 3 and 7. Conjunctival vascularization was measured by analyzing images to measure red pixel saturation. Area of corneal and conjunctival fibrovascular tissue formation on the site of injection was assessed by analyzing the images on day 3 and 7 using area measurement software. Histopathologic characteristics were determined in the rabbit tissues and compared with a human primary pterygium. Results: The two treatments promoted growth of conjunctival fibrovascular tissue at day 7. The red pixel saturation and area of fibrovascular tissue developed was significantly higher in right eyes (p < 0.05). Tissues from both treat‑ ments showed neovascularization in lesser extent to that observed in human pterygium. Acanthosis, stromal inflam‑ mation, and edema were found in tissues of both treatments. No elastosis was found in either treatment. Conclusions: Matrigel alone or in combination with NIH3T3 cells injected into the rabbits’ conjunctiva can promote tissue growth with characteristics of human pterygium, including neovascularization, acanthosis, stromal inflamma‑ tion, and edema. The combination of Matrigel with NIH3T3 cells seems to have an additive effect on the size and redness of the pterygium‑like tissue developed. Keywords: Pterygium, Fibroblast, Rabbit, Extracellular matrix, Animal model

Tipo de elemento: Article
Usuario depositante: Lic. Josimar Pulido
Creadores:
CreadorEmailORCID
Zavala, JudithNO ESPECIFICADONO ESPECIFICADO
Hernández Camarena, Julio C.NO ESPECIFICADONO ESPECIFICADO
Salvador Gálvez, BrendaNO ESPECIFICADONO ESPECIFICADO
Pérez Saucedo, José E.NO ESPECIFICADONO ESPECIFICADO
Vela Martínez, AminNO ESPECIFICADONO ESPECIFICADO
Valdez García, Jorge E.NO ESPECIFICADONO ESPECIFICADO
Fecha del depósito: 26 Jul 2019 20:12
Última modificación: 28 Mayo 2020 16:07
URI: http://eprints.uanl.mx/id/eprint/16337

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