Does trade liberalization help woman? The case of Mexico in the 1990s

Aguayo Téllez, Ernesto y Airola, Jim y Juhn, Chinhui (2010) Does trade liberalization help woman? The case of Mexico in the 1990s. Working paper series (16195). pp. 2-39. ISSN 1058-8450

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Resumen

With the signing of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) in 1994, Mexico entered a bilateral free trade agreement which not only lowered its own tariffs on imports but also lowered tariffs on its exports to the U.S. We find that women’s relative wage increased, particularly during the period of liberalization. Both between and within-industry shifts also favored female workers. With regards to between-industry shifts, tariff reductions expanded sectors which were initially female intensive. With regards to within-industry shifts, we find a positive association between reductions in export tariffs (U.S. tariffs on Mexican goods) and hiring of women in skilled blue-collar occupations. Finally, we find suggestive evidence that household bargaining power shifted in favor of women. Expenditures shifted from goods associated with male preference, such as men’s clothing and tobacco and alcohol, to those associated with female preference such as women’s clothing and education.

Tipo de elemento: Article
Divisiones: Economía
Usuario depositante: Lic. Jesús E. Alvarado
Creadores:
CreadorEmailORCID
Aguayo Téllez, ErnestoNO ESPECIFICADONO ESPECIFICADO
Airola, JimNO ESPECIFICADONO ESPECIFICADO
Juhn, ChinhuiNO ESPECIFICADONO ESPECIFICADO
Fecha del depósito: 11 Sep 2015 20:00
Última modificación: 05 Oct 2015 18:23
URI: http://eprints.uanl.mx/id/eprint/7408

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