Current and Future Niche of North and Central American Sand Flies (Diptera: Psychodidae) in Climate Change Scenarios

Kamhawi, Shaden y Moo Llanes, David y Ibarra Cerdeña, Carlos N. y Rebollar Téllez, Eduardo A. y Ibáñez Bernal, Sergio y González, Camila y Ramsey, Janine M. (2013) Current and Future Niche of North and Central American Sand Flies (Diptera: Psychodidae) in Climate Change Scenarios. PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases, 7 (9). e2421. ISSN 1935-2735

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Resumen

Ecological niche models are useful tools to infer potential spatial and temporal distributions in vector species and to measure epidemiological risk for infectious diseases such as the Leishmaniases. The ecological niche of 28 North and Central American sand fly species, including those with epidemiological relevance, can be used to analyze the vector’s ecology and its association with transmission risk, and plan integrated regional vector surveillance and control programs. In this study, we model the environmental requirements of the principal North and Central American phlebotomine species and analyze three niche characteristics over future climate change scenarios: i) potential change in niche breadth, ii) direction and magnitude of niche centroid shifts, iii) shifts in elevation range. Niche identity between confirmed or incriminated Leishmania vector sand flies in Mexico, and human cases were analyzed. Niche models were constructed using sand fly occurrence datapoints from Canada, USA, Mexico, Guatemala and Belize. Nine non-correlated bioclimatic and four topographic data layers were used as niche components using GARP in OpenModeller. Both B2 and A2 climate change scenarios were used with two general circulation models for each scenario (CSIRO and HadCM3), for 2020, 2050 and 2080. There was an increase in niche breadth to 2080 in both scenarios for all species with the exception of Lutzomyia vexator. The principal direction of niche centroid displacement was to the northwest (64%), while the elevation range decreased greatest for tropical, and least for broad-range species. Lutzomyia cruciata is the only epidemiologically important species with high niche identity with that of Leishmania spp. in Mexico. Continued landscape modification in future climate change will provide an increased opportunity for the geographic expansion of NCA sand flys’ ENM and human exposure to vectors of Leishmaniases.

Tipo de elemento: Article
Divisiones: Ciencias Biológicas
Usuario depositante: Lic. Josimar Pulido
Creadores:
CreadorEmailORCID
Kamhawi, ShadenNO ESPECIFICADONO ESPECIFICADO
Moo Llanes, DavidNO ESPECIFICADONO ESPECIFICADO
Ibarra Cerdeña, Carlos N.NO ESPECIFICADONO ESPECIFICADO
Rebollar Téllez, Eduardo A.NO ESPECIFICADONO ESPECIFICADO
Ibáñez Bernal, SergioNO ESPECIFICADONO ESPECIFICADO
González, CamilaNO ESPECIFICADONO ESPECIFICADO
Ramsey, Janine M.NO ESPECIFICADONO ESPECIFICADO
Fecha del depósito: 26 Ago 2020 02:44
Última modificación: 26 Ago 2020 02:44
URI: http://eprints.uanl.mx/id/eprint/14670

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