Comparative Evaluation of Phenoloxidase Activity in Different Larval Stages of Four Lepidopteran Pests After Exposure toBacillus thuringiensis

Valadez Lira, J.A. y Alcocer Gonzalez, J.M. y Damas, G. y Nuñez Mejía, G. y Oppert, B. y Rodriguez Padilla, C. y Tamez Guerra, P. (2012) Comparative Evaluation of Phenoloxidase Activity in Different Larval Stages of Four Lepidopteran Pests After Exposure toBacillus thuringiensis. Journal of Insect Science, 12 (80). pp. 1-11. ISSN 1536-2442

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URL o página oficial: http://doi.org/10.1673/031.012.8001

Resumen

Microbial entomopathogen–based bioinsecticides are recognized as alternatives to synthetic pesticides. Insects defend themselves against microbial pathogens by innate mechanisms, including increased phenoloxidase (PO) activity, but its relationship with microbial bioinsecticides efficacy is little known. This study evaluated the differences in PO activity at different developmental stages of the tobacco budworm Heliothis virescens Fabricius (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), Indian meal moth Plodia interpunctella (Hübner) (Pyralidae), beet armyworm Spodoptera exigua (Hübner) (Noctuidae), and cabbage looper Trichoplusia ni (Hübner) (Noctuidae). Additionally, 2nd- and 4th-instars were exposed to the LC50 value of the commercial Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) spray, Biobit®. The percentage of insecticidal activity (IA%) on 2nd-instar Biobit–exposed larvae was approximately the predicted 50 % mortality for all species except S. exigua. With all 4th instar Biobit–exposed larvae, mortality was not significantly different from that of unexposed larvae. Unexposed insects had a significantly higher PO activity in pre–pupae and pupae than early–instar larvae and adults, whereas PO activity was higher in adult females than in males. Correlation analysis between IA% and PO activity revealed significant r–values (p < 0.01) in 2nd instar H. virescens (r = 0.979) and P. interpunctella (r = 0.930). Second instar Biobit–exposed P. interpunctella had 10 times more PO activity than unexposed larvae. Similarly, the amount of total protein was lower in 4th instar Biobit–exposed H. virescens and higher in S. exigua. Therefore, the results indicated a relationship between Biobit susceptibility and PO activity in some cases. This information may be useful if the Biobit application period is timed for a developmental stage with low PO activity. However, more studies are needed to determine the correlation of each insect with a particular bioinsecticide.

Tipo de elemento: Article
Palabras claves no controlados: Heliothis virescens, Innate humoral response, Plodia interpuctella, Spodoptera exigua, Trichoplusia ni
Materias: Q Ciencia > QR Microbiología
Divisiones: Ciencias Biológicas
Usuario depositante: Lic. Josimar Pulido
Creadores:
CreadorEmailORCID
Valadez Lira, J.A.NO ESPECIFICADONO ESPECIFICADO
Alcocer Gonzalez, J.M.NO ESPECIFICADONO ESPECIFICADO
Damas, G.NO ESPECIFICADONO ESPECIFICADO
Nuñez Mejía, G.NO ESPECIFICADONO ESPECIFICADO
Oppert, B.NO ESPECIFICADONO ESPECIFICADO
Rodriguez Padilla, C.NO ESPECIFICADONO ESPECIFICADO
Tamez Guerra, P.NO ESPECIFICADONO ESPECIFICADO
Fecha del depósito: 24 Jun 2020 16:33
Última modificación: 24 Jun 2020 16:33
URI: http://eprints.uanl.mx/id/eprint/14918

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