Sulphated Polysaccharides from Ulva clathrata and Cladosiphon okamuranus Seaweeds both Inhibit Viral Attachment/Entry and Cell-Cell Fusion, in NDV Infection

Aguilar Briseño, José Alberto y Cruz Suárez, Lucía Elizabeth y Sassi, Jean-François y Ricque Marie, Denis y Zapata Benavides, Pablo y Mendoza Gamboa, Edgar y Rodríguez Padilla, Cristina y Trejo Ávila, Laura (2015) Sulphated Polysaccharides from Ulva clathrata and Cladosiphon okamuranus Seaweeds both Inhibit Viral Attachment/Entry and Cell-Cell Fusion, in NDV Infection. Marine drugs, 13 (2). pp. 697-712. ISSN 1660-3397

[img]
Vista previa
Texto
137.pdf - Versión Publicada
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.

Download (835kB) | Vista previa
URL o página oficial: http://doi.org/10.3390/md13020697

Resumen

Sulphated polysaccharides (SP) extracted from seaweeds have antiviral properties and are much less cytotoxic than conventional drugs, but little is known about their mode of action. Combination antiviral chemotherapy may offer advantages over single agent therapy, increasing efficiency, potency and delaying the emergence of resistant virus. The paramyxoviridae family includes pathogens causing morbidity and mortality worldwide in humans and animals, such as the Newcastle Disease Virus (NDV) in poultry. This study aims at determining the antiviral activity and mechanism of action in vitro of an ulvan (SP from the green seaweed Ulva clathrata), and of its mixture with a fucoidan (SP from Cladosiphon okamuranus), against La Sota NDV strain. The ulvan antiviral activity was tested using syncytia formation, exhibiting an IC50 of 0.1 μg/mL; ulvan had a better anti cell-cell spread effect than that previously shown for fucoidan, and inhibited cell-cell fusion via a direct effect on the F0 protein, but did not show any virucidal effect. The mixture of ulvan and fucoidan showed a greater anti-spread effect than SPs alone, but ulvan antagonizes the effect of fucoidan on the viral attachment/entry. Both SPs may be promising antivirals against paramyxovirus infection but their mixture has no clear synergistic advantage.

Tipo de elemento: Article
Palabras claves no controlados: Antiviral, Seaweeds, Sulphated polysaccharides, Ulva Clathrata, Cladosiphon, Okamuranus, Newcastle Disease Virus
Divisiones: Ciencias Biológicas
Usuario depositante: Editor Repositorio
Creadores:
CreadorEmailORCID
Aguilar Briseño, José AlbertoNO ESPECIFICADONO ESPECIFICADO
Cruz Suárez, Lucía ElizabethNO ESPECIFICADONO ESPECIFICADO
Sassi, Jean-FrançoisNO ESPECIFICADONO ESPECIFICADO
Ricque Marie, DenisNO ESPECIFICADONO ESPECIFICADO
Zapata Benavides, PabloNO ESPECIFICADONO ESPECIFICADO
Mendoza Gamboa, Edgaredgar.mendozagm@uanl.edu.mxorcid.org/0000-0002-0827-5717
Rodríguez Padilla, CristinaNO ESPECIFICADONO ESPECIFICADO
Trejo Ávila, LauraNO ESPECIFICADONO ESPECIFICADO
Fecha del depósito: 14 Mayo 2019 21:39
Última modificación: 01 Oct 2020 17:56
URI: http://eprints.uanl.mx/id/eprint/14978

Actions (login required)

Ver elemento Ver elemento

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year