PVP-coated silver nanoparticles block the transmission of cell-free and cell-associated HIV-1 in human cervical culture

Lara, Humberto H y Ixtepan Turrent, Liliana del Carmen y Garza Treviño, Elsa Nancy y Rodriguez Padilla, Cristina (2010) PVP-coated silver nanoparticles block the transmission of cell-free and cell-associated HIV-1 in human cervical culture. Journal of Nanobiotechnology, 8 (1). p. 15. ISSN 1477-3155

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URL o página oficial: http://doi.org/10.1186/1477-3155-8-15

Resumen

Background: Previous in vitro studies have demonstrated that polyvinylpyrrolidone coated silver nanoparticles (PVPcoated AgNPs) have antiviral activity against HIV-1 at non-cytotoxic concentrations. These particles also demonstrate broad spectrum virucidal activity by preventing the interaction of HIV-1 gp120 and cellular CD4, thereby inhibiting fusion or entry of the virus into the host cell. In this study, we evaluated the antiviral activity of PVP-coated AgNPs as a potential topical vaginal microbicide to prevent transmission of HIV-1 infection using human cervical culture, an in vitro model that simulates in vivo conditions. Results: When formulated into a non-spermicidal gel (Replens) at a concentration of 0.15 mg/mL, PVP-coated AgNPs prevented the transmission of cell-associated HIV-1 and cell-free HIV-1 isolates. Importantly, PVP-coated AgNPs were not toxic to the explant, even when the cervical tissues were exposed continuously to 0.15 mg/mL of PVP-coated AgNPs for 48 h. Only 1 min of PVP-coated AgNPs pretreatment to the explant was required to prevent transmission of HIV-1. Pre-treatment of the cervical explant with 0.15 mg/mL PVP-coated AgNPs for 20 min followed by extensive washing prevented the transmission of HIV-1 in this model for 48 h. Conclusions: A formulation of PVP-coated AgNPs homogenized in Replens gel acts rapidly to inhibit HIV-1 transmission after 1 min and offers long-lasting protection of the cervical tissue from infection for 48 h, with no evidence of cytotoxicity observed in the explants. Based on this data, PVP-coated AgNPs are a promising microbicidal candidate for use in topical vaginal/cervical agents to prevent HIV-1 transmission, and further research is warranted

Tipo de elemento: Article
Divisiones: Ciencias Biológicas
Usuario depositante: Lic. Josimar Pulido
Creadores:
CreadorEmailORCID
Lara, Humberto HNO ESPECIFICADONO ESPECIFICADO
Ixtepan Turrent, Liliana del CarmenNO ESPECIFICADONO ESPECIFICADO
Garza Treviño, Elsa NancyNO ESPECIFICADONO ESPECIFICADO
Rodriguez Padilla, CristinaNO ESPECIFICADONO ESPECIFICADO
Fecha del depósito: 29 Abr 2019 18:44
Última modificación: 12 Jun 2019 08:04
URI: http://eprints.uanl.mx/id/eprint/15080

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