Antiadhesive activity of poly-hydroxy butyrate biopolymer from a marine Brevibacterium casei MSI04 against shrimp pathogenic vibrios

Kiran, George Seghal y Lipton, Anuj Nishanth y Priyadharshini, Sethu y Anitha, Kumar y Suárez, Lucia Elizabeth Cruz y Arasu, Mariadhas Valan y Choi, Ki Choon y Selvin, Joseph y Al Dhabi, Naif Abdullah (2014) Antiadhesive activity of poly-hydroxy butyrate biopolymer from a marine Brevibacterium casei MSI04 against shrimp pathogenic vibrios. Microbial Cell Factories, 13 (1). ISSN 1475-2859

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Background: Vibrio pathogens are causative agents of mid-culture outbreaks, and early mortality syndrome and secondary aetiology of most dreadful viral outbreaks in shrimp aquaculture. Among the pathogenic vibrios group, Vibrio alginolyticus and V. harveyi are considered as the most significant ones in the grow-out ponds of giant black tiger shrimp Penaeus monodon in India. Use of antibiotics was banned in many countries due to the emergence of antibiotic-resistant strains and accumulation of residual antibiotics in harvested shrimp. There is an urgent need to consider the use of alternative antibiotics for the control of vibriosis in shrimp aquaculture. Biofilm formation is a pathogenic and/or establishment mechanism of Vibrio spp. This study aims to develop novel safe antibiofilm and/ or antiadhesive process using PHB to contain vibrios outbreaks in shrimp aquaculture. Results: In this study a poly-hydroxy butyrate (PHB) polymer producing bacterium Brevibacterium casei MSI04 was isolated from a marine sponge Dendrilla nigra and production of PHB was optimized under submerged-fermentation (SmF) conditions. The effect of carbon, nitrogen and mineral sources on PHB production and enhanced production of PHB by response surface methods were demonstrated. The maximum PHB accumulation obtained was 6.74 g/L in the optimized media containing 25 g/L starch as carbon source, 96 h of incubation, 35°C and 3% NaCl. The highest antiadhesive activity upto 96% was recorded against V. vulnificus, and V. fischeri, followed by 92% against V. parahaemolyticus and V. alginolyticus and 88% inhibition was recorded against V. harveyi. Conclusion: In this study, a thermostable biopolymer was chemically characterized as PHB based on 1 HNMR spectra, FT-IR and GC-MS spectra. The NMR spectra revealed that the polymer was an isocratic homopolymer and it also confirmed that the compound was PHB. The antiadhesive activity of PHB was determined in microtitre plate assay and an effective concentration (EC) of PHB (200 μl containing 0.6 mg PHB) was confirmed by confocal laser scanning microscopic analysis of vibrio biofilm on pre-treated glass and polystyrene surfaces. This is a first report on anti-adhesive activity of PHB against prominent vibrio pathogens in shrimp aquaculture.

Tipo de elemento: Article
Palabras claves no controlados: Vibrio pathogens, Anti-adhesive, Vibriosis, Shrimp aquaculture
Usuario depositante: Lic. Jesús E. Alvarado
Creadores:
CreadorEmailORCID
Kiran, George SeghalNO ESPECIFICADONO ESPECIFICADO
Lipton, Anuj NishanthNO ESPECIFICADONO ESPECIFICADO
Priyadharshini, SethuNO ESPECIFICADONO ESPECIFICADO
Anitha, KumarNO ESPECIFICADONO ESPECIFICADO
Suárez, Lucia Elizabeth CruzNO ESPECIFICADONO ESPECIFICADO
Arasu, Mariadhas ValanNO ESPECIFICADONO ESPECIFICADO
Choi, Ki ChoonNO ESPECIFICADONO ESPECIFICADO
Selvin, JosephNO ESPECIFICADONO ESPECIFICADO
Al Dhabi, Naif AbdullahNO ESPECIFICADONO ESPECIFICADO
Fecha del depósito: 05 Abr 2019 22:59
Última modificación: 05 Abr 2019 22:59
URI: http://eprints.uanl.mx/id/eprint/15127

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