Association of trypanosoma cruzi infection with risk factors and electrocardiographic abnormalities in northeast Mexico

Molina Garza, Zinnia Judith y Rosales Encina, José Luis y Mercado Hernández, Roberto y Molina Garza, Daniel P y Gómez Flores, Ricardo Alberto y Galaviz Silva, Lucio (2014) Association of trypanosoma cruzi infection with risk factors and electrocardiographic abnormalities in northeast Mexico. BMC Infectious Diseases, 14 (1). ISSN 1471-2334

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Background: American trypanosomiasis is a major disease and public health issue, caused by the protozoan parasite Trypanosoma cruzi. The prevalence of T. cruzi has not been fully documented, and there are few reports of this issue in Nuevo Leon. The aim of this study was to update the seroprevalence rate of T. cruzi infection, including an epidemiological analysis of the risk factors associated with this infection and an electrocardiographic (ECG) evaluation of those infected. Methods: Sera from 2,688 individuals from 10 municipalities in the state of Nuevo Leon, Mexico, were evaluated using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and an indirect hemagglutination assay. An ECG case–control study was performed in subjects seropositive for T. cruzi and the results were matched by sex and age to seronegative residents of the same localities. A univariate analysis with χ 2 and Fisher’s exact tests was used to determine the association between seropositivity and age (years), sex, and ECG changes. A multivariate analysis was then performed to calculate the odd ratios between T. cruzi seropositivity and the risk factors. Results: The seropositive rate was 1.93% (52/2,688). In the ECG study, 22.85% (8/35) of the infected individuals exhibited ECG abnormalities. Triatoma gerstaeckeri was the only vector reported. The main risk factors were ceiling construction material (P ≤ 0.0024), domestic animals (P ≤ 0.0001), and living in rural municipalities (P ≤ 0.0025). Conclusions: These findings demonstrate a 10-fold higher prevalence of Chagas disease than previously reported (0.2%), which implies a serious public health threat in northeastern Mexico. The epidemiological profile established in this study differs from that found in the rest of Mexico, where human populations live in close proximity to domiciliary triatomines

Tipo de elemento: Article
Palabras claves no controlados: Chagas disease; Trypanosoma cruzi; Serology; Electrocardiographic abnormalities; Epidemiology
Divisiones: Ciencias Biológicas
Usuario depositante: Lic. Jesús E. Alvarado
Creadores:
CreadorEmailORCID
Molina Garza, Zinnia Judithzinnia.molinagr@uanl.edu.comNO ESPECIFICADO
Rosales Encina, José LuisNO ESPECIFICADONO ESPECIFICADO
Mercado Hernández, RobertoNO ESPECIFICADONO ESPECIFICADO
Molina Garza, Daniel PNO ESPECIFICADONO ESPECIFICADO
Gómez Flores, Ricardo AlbertoNO ESPECIFICADONO ESPECIFICADO
Galaviz Silva, Luciolucio.galavizsl@uanl.edu.mxNO ESPECIFICADO
Fecha del depósito: 29 Mar 2019 20:58
Última modificación: 29 Mar 2019 20:58
URI: http://eprints.uanl.mx/id/eprint/15141

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