Human Capital and Aggregate Income Differences in Mexico

Valero Gil, Jorge Noel y Valero, Magali (2021) Human Capital and Aggregate Income Differences in Mexico. Applied Economics. ISSN 0003-6846 (Por publicarse)

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Resumen

We study the relationship between differences in human capital and differences in product per worker of the federal entities of Mexico. We consider both quantity and quality of education in human capital formation, and use two methods for aggregating these two dimensions of education: a multiplicative and an additive model. Our measures of quality of education are constructed using the OECD’s Program for International Student Assessment (PISA) math achievement test scores in the additive model, and using the differences in the returns to education of the states in the multiplicative model. Our results are consistent to different methodologies and data sources. We find that variations in human capital explain upwards of 40% of the variations in state GDP per worker. Our results indicate that Mexican states should place more emphasis both in the quantity as well as quality of schooling, in order to improve the living standards of their population.

Tipo de elemento: Article
Palabras claves no controlados: Educación, Capital humano, México, Contabilidad del desarrollo
Materias: H Ciencias sociales > HD Industrias, Economía Laboral y Agraria
L Educación > LC Aspectos Sociales de la Educación
Divisiones: Economía
Usuario depositante: Dr Jorge Valero
Creadores:
CreadorEmailORCID
Valero Gil, Jorge Noeljorge.valerogl@uanl.edu.mxorcid.org/0000-0003-2294-5446
Valero, Magalimvalero@umich.eduorcid.org/0000-0002-9602-4845
Fecha del depósito: 01 Feb 2022 22:04
Última modificación: 01 Feb 2022 22:04
URI: http://eprints.uanl.mx/id/eprint/22828

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