Microbiota gastrointestinal y síndrome de intestino irritable

Garcia Mazcorro, José Francisco y Cruz Valdez, Julio César y Marroquín Cardona, Alicia Guadalupe y Sánchez Casas, Rosa María (2014) Microbiota gastrointestinal y síndrome de intestino irritable. Gastroenterología de México, 1 (1). p. 1. ISSN 0375-0906

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We thank García-Mazcorro et al.1 for their interest and comments on completely agree with them concerning the term intestinal «flora». Microbiota is the correct word, defined as the community of living microorganisms residing in a determined ecological niche, and we use it, not only in the title, but throughout the article (79 times to be exact), whereas the less precise but commonly used flora is employed only 5 times.2 Secondly, the 16S ribosomal RNA (rRNA) gene is one of the components of the small subunit (30S) of the ribosome and is present in all bacteria and archaea. It is the genetic marker used in bacterial phylogenetic analysis and is widely used in an endless number of studies. This gene sequence is approximately 1,550 bp long and is composed of 9 highly variable regions or hypervariable regions flanked by constant regions. The differences in sequencing of these hypervariable regions make it possible to taxonomically identify the bacteria present in study samples (for example, in stools and intestinal mucosa).3 The «rrs» gene, also known as 16S ribosomal DNA or 16S rDNA, as mentioned in table 3 of our article, encodes 16S rRNA. Even though there are limitations in sequencing based on 16S rRNA, it continues to be the gold standard due to the extensive databases based on this marker. Illumina belongs to the «next generation» sequencing technologies that are limited by the length of the sequences they can provide, and so specific regions of the 16S rRNA gene must be selected in the analysis.3 Other sequencing strategies and equipment currently exist that were designed for completion and correction. Thirdly, the inability to absolutely establish the microbiota that is characteristic of IBS due to the factors mentioned by García-Mazcorro et al. is a fundamental aspect of our review.2 In fact, that was why we reached the conclusion that even though there is evidence that the intestinal microbiota is different in persons with IBS from that of normal subjects (level 3b evidence, grade B recommendation), it is not possible to establish a microbial composition that is specific for this disorder (level 3b evidence, grade B recommendation).2 On the other hand, we agree that the taxonomic levels found were not mentioned in some cases, but some of the studies reviewed only reported the differences in microbial groups. And finally, we agree that our already extensive review fell short of analyzing the use of probiotics, prebiotics, and even synbiotics, in the treatment of IBS, but we felt these topics should be the subject of another review. As a matter of fact, a very recent systematic review of the literature has reported that probiotics were superior to placebo due to a lower frequency of IBS symptom persistence (55.8% vs. 73.1%).4 In addition, probiotics were shown to be superior to placebo in the improvement of overall symptoms, abdominal pain, subjective abdominal bloating, and flatulence. Specifically, it was Bifidobacterium spp that showed a tendency toward the improvement of overall symptoms and abdominal pain, but determining which strain(s) will be the effective one(s) has yet to be established. The authors also found that there were very few studies on prebiotics and synbiotics.4 Another review found that B. infantis 35624 was effective in improving subjective bloating in IBS in general and B. animalis DN-173010 in patients with constipation predominant IBS (IBS-C).5 Furthermore, the relation between diet and the microbiota should also be analyzed. For example, low FODMAP (Fermentable Oligosaccharides Disaccharides, Monosaccharides, And Polyols) diets that improve IBS symptoms also appear to reduce the concentration and proportion of bifi-dobacteria in stools determined through fluorescence in situ hybridization

Tipo de elemento: Article
Materias: R Medicina > R Medicina en General
Divisiones: Medicina Veterinaria y Zootecnia
Usuario depositante: Dra Rosa Maria / RM Sanchez Casas
Creadores:
CreadorEmailORCID
Garcia Mazcorro, José Franciscojosegarcia_mex@hotmail.comNO ESPECIFICADO
Cruz Valdez, Julio CésarNO ESPECIFICADONO ESPECIFICADO
Marroquín Cardona, Alicia Guadalupealicia.marroquincr@uanl.edu.mxNO ESPECIFICADO
Sánchez Casas, Rosa MaríaNO ESPECIFICADONO ESPECIFICADO
Fecha del depósito: 03 Ago 2015 16:30
Última modificación: 17 Ene 2017 17:33
URI: http://eprints.uanl.mx/id/eprint/6443

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